Hector Clare Cameron was born in Guyana, where his father was a sugar planter, on 30 September, 1843.
He came to Scotland to study at St Andrews, Edinburgh and finally attended Glasgow University, graduating MB CM in 1866, MD in 1868. He studied then trained as a surgeon under Joseph Lister. Cameron was a devotee of Lister’s antisepsis techniques and promoted the practice widely. In 1873 he became visiting surgeon at GRI. In 1881 he moved to the Western Infirmary, as senior visiting surgeon. Cameron was Professor of Clinical Surgery at Glasgow University 1900-1910. He was also President of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow 1897-1900.
Knighted by Queen Victoria in 1900, awarded an honorary LLD in 1912, he was then awarded CBE 1918 by King George V.
In 1927 he published REMINISCENCES OF LISTER, AND OF HIS WORK IN THE WARDS OF GLASGOW ROYAL INFIRMARY.
He died in 1928 and is buried with his family at the south end, east side upper plateau of the Glasgow Necropolis.